III. MIKA’s obligation for MKI’s financial obligation
Wanting to subject MIKA to obligation for MKI’s financial obligation, Regions claims “de facto merger,” “mere continuation,” and “fraud” under Florida legislation. These comparable and sporadically overlapping claims ask in place whether an innovative new organization replaced a mature, debt-laden company. See, e.g., Lab Corp. of Am. v. Prof’l healing system, 813 therefore. 2d 266, 270 (Fla. fifth DCA). Success on any one of these three claims entitles areas to gather from MIKA the $1,505,145.93 judgment entered for areas and against MKI action.
Many times into the test, Marvin’s testimony recommended a flouting of, or neglect for, the business type. Explaining the motion of cash from a single business he were able to another firm he handled, Marvin stated: “You make the funds from a entity and also you place it for which you require it to get, either whether it’s from your individual account to your LLCs or perhaps the LLCs to your individual account.” (Tr. Trans. at 339) Marvin states into the breath that is next he “trues up at the conclusion associated with season,” however the documentary evidence belies the contention that Marvin “trued up” following the transfers to Kathryn and MIKA.
A. De facto merger
The Florida decisions may actually need dissolution regarding the corporation that is first in the event that company not any longer runs. As an example, Amjad Munim, M.D., P.A. v. Azar, 648 therefore. 2d 145, 153-54 (Fla. 4th DCA), generally seems to reject a de merger that is facto because “the technical element dissolution associated with the predecessor company had not been founded,” also although the evidence advised that the very first firm “essentially ceased operations.” Although inactive, MKI remains in presence, which under Florida legislation defeats the de facto merger claim.
B. Mere extension
If a business just continues another organization’s business under a name that is different with the exact same ownership, assets, and workers (among other products), Florida legislation subjects the successor business to liability when it comes to previous business’s financial obligation. See, e.g., Centimark Corp. v. A to Z Coatings & Sons, Inc., 288 Fed.Appx. 610 (applying Florida legislation and collecting decisions). In this situation, Regions proved by (at minimum) a preponderance that MIKA simply proceeded MKI’s company under a new guise. Marvin handled the 2 businesses, which both operate from Marvin’s individual workplace and transact the business that is same. (Doc. 162 at 36) As explained somewhere else in this purchase, MIKA received and deployed MKI’s assets, and Marvin owned both businesses through the IRA. The provided assets, workplace, administration, and ownership confirm areas’ claim that MIKA amounts to a “mere extension” of MKI under a name that is different.
Finally, Regions requests a declaration that MIKA is absolutely nothing significantly more than an effort that is”fraudulent by MKI to hinder areas’ tries to match the judgment action. In line with the testimony additionally the proof talked about somewhere else in this purchase, Regions proved that MIKA more likely than perhaps perhaps not quantities to a fraudulent try to preclude areas’ collecting regarding the MKI judgment.
As explained throughout this purchase, the Kaplan events’ conduct displays a protracted pattern of evasion that demonstrates the need for the injunction under Section 726.108(c)(1) against another disposition by MKI or MIKA of a pursuit in 785 Holdings. MK Investing and MIK Advanta, LLC, should never move a pastime in 785 Holdings, LLC.
A legal remedy that forecloses the equitable remedy of an injunction if Kathryn, MKI, MIKA, or a Kaplan entity fraudulently transfers money to a third party, Regions can obtain a money judgment against the transferee. (Doc. 113 at 6)
At test, Marvin blamed their accountant, their attorneys, along with his IRA custodian for supposedly erroneous documents that largely supports areas’ claims. Often times, Marvin faulted Advanta when it comes to presumably inaccurate papers and stated that Advanta forced Marvin to produce MIKA and therefore Advanta invented from entire fabric the valuations that Marvin verified, frequently under penalty of perjury. Centered on Marvin’s perplexing, implausible, and testimony that is often contradictory on the basis of the contemporaneous documents, that have been authorized once the Kaplan events encountered no possibility of a bad judgment for the fraudulent transfer and which mostly refute the Kaplans’ assertions, we reject the Kaplan events’ defenses and conclude that areas proved the fraudulent-transfer claims (excepting the claim on the basis of the IRA’s transfer to MIKA regarding the $214,711.30 and excepting the de merger that is facto in count fourteen).
Although areas names Marvin being a defendant, the record reveals no reason to topic Marvin to obligation for the Kaplan entities’ transfers or even for MKI’s transfers to MIKA. Areas won a judgment action against MKI therefore the Kaplan entities, maybe perhaps maybe not against Marvin. Areas mentions order doubting the Kaplan events’ movement to dismiss, which purchase observes that the “predominant fat of authority holds that a plaintiff can sue the beneficiary of the self-directed IRA when it comes to IRA’s so-called wrongdoing since the self-directed IRA just isn’t an independent legal entity from its owner.” easy payday loans in Hawaii (Doc. 79 at 3 (interior quote omitted)) Although proper, the observation does not have application in this course of action because areas’ concession in footnote thirteen forecloses a fraudulent-transfer claim on the basis of the IRA’s transfer of cash to MIKA. The IRA owned devices of MKI and MIKA, but an IRA’s ownership of an LLC provides no foundation for subjecting the IRA beneficiary to obligation for the transfer that is fraudulent or through the LLC. ——–
The clerk is directed to enter individually the following judgments:
(1) Judgment for areas Bank and against Kathryn Kaplan when you look at the level of $742,543.
(2) Judgment for areas Bank and against MIK Advanta, LLC, within the level of $1,505,145.93.
The clerk must close the case after entering judgment.
BOUGHT in Tampa, Florida.